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Concept of Automation | Need Of Automation


Automation can be deļ¬ned as the technology used for the application of integrated mechanical, electronic and computer based systems in the operation and control Of production systems.
Automation of production system means :

(1) Automation of manufacturing facilities, or
(ii) Automation of manufacturing support systems, or
(iii) Automation of both the facilities and the manufacturing support systems.

Automation is not new but has been in use in the industry since quite sometime.The automation seems to be a feasible solution for improving the productivity, quality and economy.
Automation is not economically feasible in low scale production. However, as the volume of production goes on increasing, automation becomes more and more economically feasible.

Some of the examples of automation of processes in production systems are as follows:
(I) NC and CNC machines,
(ii) Automatic assembly machines,
(iii) Automated transfer lines,
(iv) Automatic assembly lines,
(v) Industn'al robots,
(Vi) Automated material handling systems,
(vii) Automated storage systems,
(viii) Automated inspection and quality control systems,
(ix) Automated feedback and process control equipment,
(x) Computer aided production planning and control.


1. To increase productivity :
  • The automation of manufacturing operations usually increases production rate.
  • This means greater output per hour of labour input.
  • Thus, automation leads to increase in labour productivity.
2. To reduce cost of production :
The automation reduces the labour cost and increases the rate of production, thereby reducing the cost of production.

3. To improve product quality :
The automation not only results in higher production rates than manual operations but also improves the product quality.

4. To mitigate the effects of labour shortages.
In developed countries, where there is shortage of labour, automated operations are used as a substitute for labour.

5.To reduce production time :
The automation reduces the time required for manufacturing the product.

6. To avoid high cost of not automating :
  • The automation exhibits overall benefits like: improved product quality, high better customer rate of production, higher salaries, better labour relations, satisfaction. and better company image.
    The companies without automation are likely to find themselves in
    Disadvantageous position as compared to the companies with automation.
7.To have better control over manufacturing activities :
Automation provides better control over entire manufacturing activity of a company.

8. To improve worker safety :
  • The automation can completely replace the worker, especially in hazardous operations like:spray painting welding. chemical processing. etc, thereby improving the worker safety.
  • The automation has changed the role of worker from active participation to a supervision.

9. To reduce or eliminate routine manual and clerical tasks :
Automation reduces/eliminates routine manual and clerical tasks which are boring. fatiguing, and irksome, thereby improving the general level of working conditions.

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